East elevation, Ashland, Vance County, North Carolina

Ashland Plantation House (Henderson, N.C.)
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Item information

East elevation, Ashland, Vance County, North Carolina
5 of 8
Federal style
Plantation houses
Original Format:
Measured drawing
scale: undetermined; 483mm x 610mm
Item identifier:
Brown, Eugene Wilson more info on Brown, Eugene Wilson 
Created Date:
Architectural drawings
Elevations (architectural drawings)
Vance County (N.C.)
Ashland Plantation (Henderson, N.C.)
Digital Project:
Built Heritage

Source information

Special Collections Research Center at NC State University Libraries
Historic Architecture Research. Project Records (UA110.041) held by Special Collections Research Center at NC State University Libraries
Note field:
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Digitization of this image was partially supported with federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) funds made possible through a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, and administered by the State Library of North Carolina, a division of the Department of Cultural Resources.

Building: Ashland Plantation House (Henderson, Vance County, North Carolina)

Provenance note:
Richard Henderson (judge and political leader), first owner; Archibald Anderson, second owner.
Architectural note:
In 1820, later owners Annie and Archibald Henderson spent seven years greatly remodeling and enlarging the house. They removed the original front porch and added a large new wing, making the house face the east instead of the south. This new wing provided a main hall and a large ball room which boasted a fine pendant chandelier, now lost. The Greek Revival trim added to both wings at this time presented a uniform look. All evidence of slave quarters and outbuildings has been destroyed with the exception of the old smoke house, standing in good repair.
Historical note:
Ashland, the oldest home in Vance County, was built in 1740 by Samuel Henderson, farmer, miller and one-time high sheriff of Granville county, who named his home for its location atop a knoll in a large ash grove. A famous occupant was Samuel Henderson's son Richard (1735-1785), who spent his boyhood at Ashland and later became a judge of the crown under Colonial governor William Tyron. Judge Henderson, who was once driven from the bench by the regulators at HIllsboro, was also a great pioneer and colonizer. He founded the Transylvania colony in 1775 to form a new state in the Indian territory that later became Tennessee and Kentucky (with the help of Daniel Boone, who negotiated with the Indians over purchase of the land and cut a trail for the emigrants). Near Ashland is Richard Henderson's grave and tombstone, which states that he was "founder of Nashville, Tennessee and Boonesboro, Kentucky, and author of the Cumberland Compact." Also nearby is the town of Henderson, named for his son, Judge Leonard Henderson. One of Vance County's most famous plantation houses, the home is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Henderson (N.C.)
Historic buildings
National Register of Historic Places
Plantation houses