Transcribed from enclosed press release: STATE COLLEGE SCIENTIST ACHIEVES GENETIC MILESTONE BY DEVELOPING NEW PEANUT VARIETY WITH ATOMIC ENERGY; RALEIGH--A North Carolina State College scientist has achieved what may be one of the nation's most significant developments in the peaceful use of atomic energy. The scientist, Dr. Walton C. Gregory, has used atomic energy to develop a new variety of peanut. The peanut, which is superior in many respects to a new variety of peanut. The peanut, which is superior in many respects to any peanut now being grown, has been officially released by the N. C. Agricultural Experiment Station. Seed for limited planting should be available to growers by 1960. While the new peanut is expected to be a boost to the peanut industry of North Carolina and the nation, the method used by Dr. Gregory in developing this variety is expected to be of even greater significance. It represents one of the first times that an improved strain of any living thing has been developed through atomic research in the United States. Dr. Roy L. Lovvorn, director of the N. C. Agricultural Experiment Station, called Dr. Gregory's work "a real milestone in fundamentals genetics. The project, which has combined both fundamental and applied research, has already attracted worldwide recognition in the field of plant genetics," Dr. Lovvorn said. "Scientists are citing it as one of the classic examples of how atomic energy can be used for beneficial rather than destructive purposes." Dr. Gregory's research has been supported by the Atomic Energy Commission. Throughout his work he has been assisted very closely by Dr. W. C. Cooper, plant pathologist for the Experiment Station. The new peanut has been officially named the N. C. 4x. The "x," used here for the first time, indicates the variety was developed through atomic research.